About Corals and Its Inception and Present Day Danger

Introduction –

Tropical coral reefs will face dire challenges in the coming years, according to new research. A group of investigators, including teachers and paleohistorist, claim that elkhorn coral, the most widespread coral genus with the most species, may fail to combat human-caused climate change, which would destroy underwater biotopes. Compared to other coral genera, Acropora is better able to withstand natural environmental influences. In point of fact, it appears to even take advantage of difficulties, such as tropical storms, to increase its ecological success. Strong waves can easily break off the Acropora coral delicate branches. The fragments are washed away by the water and left somewhere else, where many of them grow into new colonies that last for decades or centuries. This is how table corals have spread for over forty ++ million years.

Inception of Coral Reefs –

Despite this, the analyses carried out by researchers and professors suggest that elkhorn corals comprised only a small portion of coral reefs approximately 2000000 million years ago, when the ice age began. Additionally, some excellent small polyp stony coral is for sale. The genus’s late spread significantly altered the composition of elkhorn coral reefs. The major shifts in sea level that occurred during this time period, according to the researchers, are believed to be the source of the issue. The teacher explains that the reefs suddenly became so submerged that they did not receive enough light as temperatures rose during interglacial periods and the ice sheets partially melted. Elkhorn corals were the only ones that grew quickly enough to face the sun.

Present Day Advantage – Quick Growth of Corals –

The simple rule that determines whether or not a reef will survive is that elkhorn corals grow quickly, which has remained an unrivalled advantage up to the present day: Corals must grow faster than they die in order for the biotope to last over time. Additionally, coral reefs are constantly being depleted. Additional organisms like sponges, fungi, and parrotfish in addition to tropical storms cause additional damage. Elkhorn corals provide the ideal environment for other sea creatures by maintaining a positive balance sheet. Where there are a lot of elkhorn corals, which help spread the energy of the waves and protect the coast, there is more biodiversity.

Fragile Corals –

The bright future for elkhorn corals contrasts sharply with the success. It is the preferred prey of the savage crown-of-thistles starfish, and it is particularly susceptible to an unnatural weather change and the fermentation of the seas that results from it. It is also susceptible to infections and the death of coral. The Caribbean’s coral reefs have been devastated by the rapid extinction of elkhorn corals over the past few decades. Due in part to human influence, the researchers believe that other marine areas may soon face a situation similar to this one. The fragile coral populations are being severely harmed by warming waters brought on by climate change.

Ozone Depletion and Extinction of Corals –

Corals are vulnerable to disease and starvation due to a stress response known as discolouration when the water is too warm. Corals are becoming more susceptible to disease and starvation as a result of the expulsion of their interdependent algae as a result of rising ocean temperatures. If the water temperature does not return to normal, discoloured corals will almost certainly starve to death. Coral discolouration is becoming more frequent and severe as a result of the warming of the oceans brought on by climate change. If we do not reduce the number of ozone-depleting substances we release into the atmosphere, the majority of coral reefs will disappear over the next few years.

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