Brucellosis in Dogs

Canine Brucellosis is a disease observed in dogs that is caused by a bacterium called Brucella canis. Dogs in breeding systems, feral dogs (who have not been spurred or neutered), and stray dogs are at greater risk of brucellosis. Infected dogs can transmit the disease to humans as well, though this is much less common.

What are the signs of Brucellosis in dogs?

Brucella canis causes reproductive problems like:

  • abortions
  • stillbirth
  • infertility

 Other signs can include:

  • inflammation of lymph nodes
  • behavioral abnormalities
  • lethargy
  • weight loss

How do dogs get infected with Canine Brucellosis?

Canine brucellosis is most commonly transmitted through direct contact with contaminated vaginal discharge, aborted fetus, placenta, semen, or urine. The risk of infection is greatest for stray dogs and breeding dogs, or those living in the kennel.

Can my dog be cured of Canine Brucellosis?

While antibiotics (most commonly minocycline or doxycycline, probably enrofloxacin) are used to help control the infection, no medication is yet entirely successful in removing the bacteria.

How can I prevent Brucellosis in Dogs?

According to veterinarians and animal specialists, the best way to prevent brucellosis is by spaying or neutering your dog. Since mating your dog should be a well-planned decision, discuss with your veterinarian the potential consequences of mating. Remember: this disease is contagious and can be transmitted to you from your dog!

What is the treatment? Will my dog recover? 

Unfortunately, therapy rarely prevents this disease. Usually, when dogs are infected, they can’t be cured. Neutering alone is not going to cure an infected dog. Treatment typically consists of neutering, pain relief and appropriate antibiotics. Despite appropriate therapy, relapses are very common to cure this disease.

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